Freyja keeps up the sacrifices and becomes famous. He tells the two women that he would keep whichever of them that brews the better ale for him by the time he has returned home in the summer. Signy's brew wins the contest. In the account, Freyja is described as having been a concubine of Odin, who bartered sex to four dwarfs for a golden necklace. Odin deeply loved Freyja, and she was "the fairest of woman of that day".
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Freyja had a beautiful bower , and when the door was shut no one could enter without Freyja's permission. Chapter 1 records that one day Freyja passed by an open stone where dwarfs lived. Four dwarfs were smithying a golden necklace, and it was nearly done. Looking at the necklace, the dwarfs thought Freyja to be most fair, and she the necklace.
Freyja offered to buy the collar from them with silver and gold and other items of value. The dwarfs said that they had no lack of money, and that for the necklace the only thing she could offer them would be a night with each of them. The conditions were fulfilled and the necklace was hers. Freyja went home to her bower as if nothing happened. As related in chapter 2, Loki, under the service of Odin, found out about Freyja's actions and told Odin. Odin told Loki to get the necklace and bring it to him.
Loki said that since no one could enter Freyja's bower against her will, this wouldn't be an easy task, yet Odin told him not to come back until he had found a way to get the necklace. Howling, Loki turned away and went to Freyja's bower but found it locked, and that he couldn't enter.
So Loki transformed himself into a fly, and after having trouble finding even the tiniest of entrances, he managed to find a tiny hole at the gable-top, yet even here he had to squeeze through to enter. Having made his way into Freyja's chambers, Loki looked around to be sure that no one was awake, and found that Freyja was asleep. He landed on her bed and noticed that she was wearing the necklace, the clasp turned downward.
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Loki turned into a flea and jumped onto Freyja's cheek and there bit her. Freyja stirred, turning about, and then fell asleep again. Loki removed his flea's shape and undid her collar, opened the bower, and returned to Odin. The next morning Freyja woke and saw that the doors to her bower were open, yet unbroken, and that her precious necklace was gone.
Freyja had an idea of who was responsible. She got dressed and went to Odin. She told Odin of the malice he had allowed against her and of the theft of her necklace, and that he should give her back her jewelry. Odin said that, given how she obtained it, she would never get it back. That is, with one exception: she could have it back if she could make two kings, themselves ruling twenty kings each, battle one another, and cast a spell so that each time one of their numbers falls in battle, they will again spring up and fight again. And that this must go on eternally, unless a Christian man of a particular stature goes into the battle and smites them, only then will they stay dead.
Freyja agreed. Although the Christianization of Scandinavia sought to demonize the native gods, belief and reverence in the gods, including Freyja, remained into the modern period and melded into Scandinavian folklore. However, Freyja did not disappear. In Iceland, Freyja was called upon for assistance by way of Icelandic magical staves as late as the 18th century, and as late as the 19th century, Freyja is recorded as retaining elements of her role as a fertility goddess among rural Swedes.
However, it was dangerous to leave the plough outdoors, because if Freyja sat on it, it would no longer be of any use. Several plants were named after Freyja, such as Freyja's tears and Freyja's hair Polygala vulgaris , but during the process of Christianization, the name of the goddess was replaced with that of the Virgin Mary. Olsen tallies at least 20 to 30 location names compounded with Freyja.
These toponyms are attested most commonly on the west coast though a high frequency is found in the southeast. Place names containing Freyja are yet more numerous and varied in Sweden, where they are widely distributed. In addition, Frejya appears as a compound element with a variety of words for geographic features such as fields, meadows, lakes, and natural objects such as rocks. A priestess was buried c.
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In addition to being buried with her wand , she had received great riches which included horses, a wagon and an Arabian bronze pitcher. There was also a silver pendant, which represents a woman with a broad necklace around her neck. The pendant may represent Freyja herself. A 7th-century phalara found in a "warrior grave" in what is now Eschwege in northwestern Germany features a female figure with two large braids flanked by two "cat-like" beings and holding a staff-like object. This figure has been interpreted as Freyja. A 12th century depiction of a cloaked but otherwise nude woman riding a large cat appears on a wall in the Schleswig Cathedral in Schleswig-Holstein , Northern Germany.
Beside her is similarly a cloaked yet otherwise nude woman riding a distaff. Due to iconographic similarities to the literary record, these figures have been theorized as depictions of Freyja and Frigg respectively. Due to numerous similarities, scholars have frequently connected Freyja with the goddess Frigg. The connection with Frigg and question of possible earlier identification of Freyja with Frigg in the Proto-Germanic period Frigg and Freyja origin hypothesis remains a matter of scholarly discourse.
The best that can be done is to survey the arguments for and against their identity, and to see how well each can be supported. Similar proof for the existence of a common Germanic goddess from which Freyja descends does not exist, but scholars have commented that this may simply be due to lack of evidence. These examples indicate that Freyja was a war-goddess, and she even appears as a valkyrie, literally 'the one who chooses the slain'.
Gustav Neckel , writing in , connects Freyja to the Phrygian goddess Cybele. According to Neckel, both goddesses can be interpreted as "fertility goddesses" and other potential resemblances have been noted. Some scholars have suggested that the image of Cybele subsequently influenced the iconography of Freyja, the lions drawing the former's chariot becoming large cats. These observations became an extremely common observation in works regarding Old Norse religion until at least the early s.
Into the modern period, Freyja was treated as a Scandinavian counterpart to the Roman Venus in, for example, Swedish literature, where the goddess may be associated with romantic love or, conversely, simply as a synonym for "lust and potency".
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In late 19th century and early 20th century Northern Europe, Freyja was the subject of numerous works of art, including Freyja by H. Doyle Penrose painting, — Starting in the early s, derivatives of Freyja began to appear as a given name for girls. In the video game Mobile Legends: Bang Bang , Freya's lore states that she is a goddess of war coming down from heaven, kissing a fallen warrior in the battlefield. She leads them to the Temple of Heroes where they can have a new life. Freya is a fighter hero in the game.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Freyja disambiguation. Statistics Norway. Andersen, Vilhelm Nordiske forlag, E.
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