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Walsh, Sophie D. Any Historical Perspectives I. Child Rights I. Classical social work theories developed in the U.
In particular, at the developmental phase of social work in Japan during the s and s, notable books on casework were translated extensively, including those of M. Richmond, G.
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- Tissue Engineering in Regenerative Medicine (Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine).
Hamilton, C. Torre, and H. While these early efforts guided Japanese social work studies and practice in a rational way, a certain level of criticism by Marxists and other social scientists also existed and pointed out a lack of consideration of the unique socio-economic and historical context of Japanese society.
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Shigeo Okamura was a notable figure who developed an original social work theory by specifying unique functions of social work within a broader social welfare framework. He insisted that social work is applied to solve difficulties by making use of social relations and institutions, and is characterized by 1 social, 2 universal, 3 self-directive, and 4 realistic principles. Later, he further developed a theory of community work that consists of 1 community care, 2 welfare community organization, 3 community development, and 4 preventive social work.
Yuichi Nakamura, another pioneering social work academic, proposed the importance of socially-oriented professional caseworkers by interlocking the social-relational perspective with that of social problems.
In his book, Casework in Public Assistance, published in , basic principles and methods necessary for casework were clarified with the aim of attaining economic, as well as human independence for service recipients. These perspectives gave a broader understanding of social work within a global environmental context and triggered the development of generalist social work which integrated such practice methods as casework, group work, and community organization.
More recently, an empowerment approach and the strengths perspective brought forward in the s together with a post-modern paradigm, have led to the flowering of user-centered approaches. Gensuke Komatsu was one of those who vigorously reviewed and introduced these newer social work theories. Many others also investigated theoretical and practical issues regarding these emerging perspectives when applying them to specific populations and fields of practice in various settings of social work, such as practice with elderly people, people with mental disorders, children, and people living with disabilities.
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- Japanese Society for the Study of Social Welfare.
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Population aging has been proceeding rapidly and the need for community care has become an urgent national concern. In , the Certified Social Worker and Certified Care Worker Act was enacted in order to respond to the growing needs of people who use social care. Volume 30 , Issue 4. The full text of this article hosted at iucr.
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